The use of intelligent sensors in transportation systems enables a whole range of advanced capabilities that can increase passenger safety and improve operating efficiencies.  For example, when a train or bus can collect, analyze, and make decisions about data at a local level, it can identify potential risk of pending failure and alert operators to take corrective action.  However, even greater gains can be achieved when transportation systems can be connected to each other.  For example, data from a sensor that monitor’s a train’s speed and location can be sent over the cloud to provide more accurate arrival estimates.


 

With the introduction of the Intel® Gateway Solutions for IoT, recently announced at the Intel® Developer Forum (IDF) in Beijing, even legacy transportation systems can be connected to next-generation infrastructure in a efficient manner.  The Intel Gateway Solutions for IoT is a family of platforms based on Intel® Quark SoC and Intel® Atom™ processors that seamlessly interconnect and secure the flow of data between devices and the cloud.

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Figure 1: The Intel® Gateway Solutions for IoT is a family of platforms that seamlessly interconnect and secure the flow of data between devices and the cloud.


The availability of the Intel Gateway Solutions for IoT should accelerate the rate at which IoT connectivity is introduced to transportation systems.  A shared platform means shared volumes among applications in different industries, bringing costs down and enabling connectivity to be brought to wholly new applications.  Wider usage also increases the rate at which platforms can be proven in the market.  Finally, the platform already has a rich ecosystem of solutions that will allow transportation OEMs to more quickly leverage technological advances from other industries that follow closer to the leading-edge.


 

Key to the Intel Gateway Solutions for IoT is its open architecture and integrated approach to reducing the cost of edge connectivity systems and implementing IoT functionality.  Software from the OS to application levels has been integrated and pre-validated, resulting not just in faster design but also simplified application and services deployment with greater interoperability between systems.  The platform includes everything needed for secure end-to-end IoT connectivity, including the OS, protocols for networking, embedded control, enterprise-grade security, and manageability features.


 

With products based on the Intel Gateway Solutions for IoT, transportation designers will have a platform upon which they can build application-specific software, enabling them to focus on developing core functionality rather than reinventing their own connectivity platform.  The result is the ability to create intelligent gateways with the long-term, enterprise-grade robustness required for transportation applications.  In this way, developers can bring IoT to legacy transportation systems through common interfaces and seamless communication through the cloud.


 

The foundation software of the Intel Gateway Solutions for IoT includes the Wind River Intelligent Device Platform XT and McAfee Embedded Control.  The Wind River Intelligent Device Platform XT offers integrated software capabilities to enable the rapid development of software for M2M and IoT applications from development to deployment.  Based on Wind River’s industry-leading operating systems, the platform accelerates the development of services and applications backed by strong security, manageability, and connectivity.  Pre-validated software includes drivers for a wide range of hardware with libraries and tools supporting core services.  For transportation applications, the platform includes ready-to-use components to facilitate the design of machine-to-machine (M2M) applications.

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Figure 2: The Wind River Intelligent Device Platform XT offers integrated software capabilities to enable the rapid development of software for M2M and IoT applications from development to deployment.


Among its key features, the Intelligent Device Platform has built-in gateway security to protect the communications channel, data, and device operation with a trusted hardware root and secure boot.  With Lua, Java, and OSGi application environments, developers have the flexibility to create portable, scalable, and reusable apps.  Device connectivity is simplified as well with support for the Message Queue Telemetry Transport (MQTT) IoT data protocol as well as 2G/3G/4G, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, ZigBee, and other short-range wireless protocols.  The platform also enables long-term secure remote device management using established protocols including Technical Report 069 (TR-069) and Open Management Alliance Device Management (OMA DM).


 

To keep IoT-based transportation systems secure, McAfee Embedded Control mitigates malware attacks to protect IoT devices and gateways exposed through the Internet.  Core to McAfee Embedded Control are application whitelisting and change control.  The term whitelisting refers to automatic creation of a dynamic “whitelist” of code that is authorized to run on the system.  The system is then locked to this known code base.  Application listing works at the kernel level to prevent unauthorized code from running on the system as well as reject any unauthorized changes to code.  Thus, application code is protected both on disk or in memory, preventing potential system compromises and minimizing the need to continuously issue security updates.

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Figure 3: McAfee Embedded Control mitigates malware attacks to protect IoT devices and gateways exposed through the Internet.


McAfee Embedded Control also assures system integrity through automation of software change control policy enforcement and compliance.  Any attempts to change system files, directories, or registries outside of established policies are prevented.  In addition, such attempts are also logged and reported, providing complete visibility and accountability to simplify meeting compliance requirements.


 

Eurotech is one of the initial companies building upon this new platform and has validated its Everyware Software Framework (ESF) for the Intel Gateway Solutions for IoT.  Eurotech’s goal was to create an application-specific platform from which they could quickly develop exacting transportation solutions.  With ESF as part of the Intel Gateway Solutions for IoT, Eurotech is able to use pre-integrated components within their Java environment to quickly develop products and services using tools from other leading companies.

ESF is a comprehensive and application-oriented software framework based on Java and OSGi.  It makes device and data management accessible through open, standards-based solutions, offering developers flexibility in how they develop and offer IoT and M2M services.  ESF also extends connectivity options to support for field protocols like CANBUS, advanced device configuration management, and multiple M2M integration platform connectors.  In addition, by offering cohesive software components that can be modified, reconfigured, and maintained, systems can keep pace with evolving market demands.

Products based on the family of gateways solutions utilizing the Intel® Quark SoC X100 and Intel® Atom™ E3800 processors will be introduced  this quarter.  The platform scales to application performance requirements and has a roadmap to support both Intel® Core™ and Intel® Xeon® processors. Portwell has recently announced the  PI-81A0 IoT Gateway based on the new Intel Quark SoC X1000 series and other members of the Intel® Internet of Things Solutions Alliance, including ADI Engineering and Advantech, are basing upcoming products on Intel Gateway Solutions for the IoT, each offering a solution customized for a particular market.


 

The Intel Gateway Solutions for IoT provides an exciting foundation for innovation in the transportation industry.  Developers can look forward to faster deployment with more connectivity options across multiple hardware platforms and programming environments.  The result is faster access to robust, leading-edge technology, leading to new market and revenue opportunities with room for growth and expansion into the future.

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Advantech and Portwell are Premier members of the Intel® Internet of Things Solutions Alliance.  ADI Engineering, Eurotech, McAfee, and Wind River are Associate members of theAlliance.

 

Nicholas Cravotta

Roving Reporter (Intel® Contractor), Intel® Internet of Things Solutions Alliance