Hello and Welcome to the Intel® Embedded Community.You are asking a rather broad question. I'm not sure there is a single document with the answer but rather there are volumes of docs on intel.com that describe all kinds of technologies. For a starting point, let me suggest the following links:Intel Technology Journal: http://www.intel.com/technology/itj/index.htm
"Recommended Reading Program" http://www.intel.com/technology/rr/
Selected books on technology: http://www.intel.com/intelpress/strategic_tech.htm?iid=prodmap_tb+sttech
I hope this helps. Happy Reading !
J. Felix McNulty
Community Moderator (Intel contractor)